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A Comparison between Muhammad and Jesus doctrine, which of their doctrine is the closest to Abraham's worship and his tradition in his (Abraham) life?

  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 5, Book 58, Number 169:
    Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar:
    The Prophet met Zaid bin 'Amr bin Nufail in the bottom of (the valley of) Baldah before any Divine Inspiration came to the Prophet. A meal was presented to the Prophet but he refused to eat from it. (Then it was presented to Zaid) who said, "I do not eat anything which you slaughter in the name of your stone idols. I eat none but those things on which Allah's Name has been mentioned at the time of slaughtering." Zaid bin 'Amr used to criticize the way Quraish used to slaughter their animals, and used to say, "Allah has created the sheep and He has sent the water for it from the sky, and He has grown the grass for it from the earth; yet you slaughter it in other than the Name of Allah. He used to say so, for he rejected that practice and considered it as something abominable.

    Narrated Ibn 'Umar: Zaid bin 'Amr bin Nufail went to Sham, inquiring about a true religion to follow. He met a Jewish religious scholar and asked him about their religion. He said, "I intend to embrace your religion, so tell me some thing about it." The Jew said, "You will not embrace our religion unless you receive your share of Allah's Anger." Zaid said, "'I do not run except from Allah's Anger, and I will never bear a bit of it if I have the power to avoid it. Can you tell me of some other religion?" He said, "I do not know any other religion except the Hanif." Zaid enquired, "What is Hanif?" He said, "Hanif is the religion of (the prophet) Abraham who was neither a Jew nor a Christian, and he used to worship None but Allah (Alone)" Then Zaid went out and met a Christian religious scholar and told him the same as before. The Christian said, "You will not embrace our religion unless you get a share of Allah's Curse." Zaid replied, "I do not run except from Allah's Curse, and I will never bear any of Allah's Curse and His Anger if I have the power to avoid them. Will you tell me of some other religion?" He replied, "I do not know any other religion except Hanif." Zaid enquired, "What is Hanif?" He replied, Hanif is the religion of (the prophet) Abraham who was neither a Jew nor a Christian and he used to worship None but Allah (Alone)" When Zaid heard their Statement about (the religion of) Abraham, he left that place, and when he came out, he raised both his hands and said, "O Allah! I make You my Witness that I am on the religion of Abraham."

    Narrated Asma bint Abi Bakr: I saw Zaid bin Amr bin Nufail standing with his back against the Ka'ba and saying, "O people of Quraish! By Allah, none amongst you is on the religion of Abraham except me." He used to preserve the lives of little girls: If somebody wanted to kill his daughter he would say to him, "Do not kill her for I will feed her on your behalf." So he would take her, and when she grew up nicely, he would say to her father, "Now if you want her, I will give her to you, and if you wish, I will feed her on your behalf."

In this writing, i will show you a simple and easy perspective to understand that Muhammad PBUH is not a false Prophet and he is a true prophet that has true connection with previous prophet mainly father Abraham. If this is true, so Islam is a true religion too and should not be claimed as a wrong religion as claimed by people of or the others. Of course, to build basic of understanding of this issue, i attempt to bring the doctrine of the two biggest religion on this planet as a comparison, viz Islam and Christian.

Firstly, let us see how Islam doctrine and its prophet, Muhammad PBUH can factually build a connection with father Abraham's tradition to Islamic tradition as well:

1. On idol statue demolition

"And by Allâh, I shall plot a plan (to destroy) your idols after you have gone away and turned your backs." So he broke them to pieces, (all) except the biggest of them, that they might turn to it. They said: "Who has done this to our âliha (gods)? He must indeed be one of the wrong-doers." They said: "We heard a young man talking (against) them who is called Ibrâhim (Abraham)." (S. 21:57-60)

Both Abraham PBUH and Mohammad PBUH really did the same action.

Sahih Bukhari Volume 5, Book 59, Number 583:
Narrated Abdullah:
When the Prophet entered Mecca on the day of the Conquest, there were 360 idols around the Ka'ba. The Prophet started striking them with a stick he had in his hand and was saying, "Truth has come and Falsehood will neither start nor will it reappear.

2. On reconstruction of the Ka'ba as the Qibla (indicator setting to direction) of Muslim prayer and house of worship

[Yusuf Ali] And remember Abraham and Isma'il raised the foundations of the House (With this prayer): "Our Lord! Accept (this service) from us: For Thou art the All- Hearing, the All-knowing. (S. 002.127)

And the below hadith shows that Muhammad did and followed this Abraham action as well:

Sahih Bukhari Volume 2, Book 26, Number 653:
Narrated 'Aisha:
(the wife of the Prophet) that Allah's Apostle said to her, "
Do you know that when your people (Quraish) rebuilt the Ka'ba, they decreased it from its original foundation laid by Abraham?" I said, "O Allah's Apostle! Why don't you rebuild it on its original foundation laid by Abraham?" He replied, "Were it not for the fact that your people are close to the pre-lslamic Period of ignorance (i.e. they have recently become Muslims) I would have done so." The sub-narrator, 'Abdullah (bin 'Umar ) stated: 'Aisha 'must have heard this from Allah's Apostle for in my opinion Allah's Apostle had not placed his hand over the two corners of the Ka'ba opposite Al-Hijr only because the Ka'ba was not rebuilt on its original foundations laid by Abraham.

3. On affirmation that Muhammad follows the Abraham's tradition to build a sanctuary

[Yusuf Ali] Remember We made the House a place of assembly for men and a place of safety; and take ye the station of Abraham as a place of prayer; and We covenanted with Abraham and Isma'il, that they should sanctify My House for those who compass it roun d, or use it as a retreat, or bow, or prostrate themselves (therein in prayer). (S. 002.125)

Again the below hadith shows Muhammad did and followed Abraham action as well:

Sahih Bukhari Volume 3, Book 34, Number 339:
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Zaid:
The Prophet said, "
The Prophet Abraham made Mecca a sanctuary, and asked for Allah's blessing in it. I made Medina a sanctuary as Abraham made Mecca a sanctuary and I asked for Allah's Blessing in its measures the Mudd and the Sa as Abraham did for Mecca.

Sahih Bukhari Volume 3, Book 34, Number 340:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Allah's Apostle said, "O Allah bestow your blessings on their measures, bless their Mudd and Sa." The Prophet meant the people of Medina.

4. On the prayer of Islam

Sahih Bukhari Volume 4, Book 55, Number 588:
Narrated Abu Humaid As-Sa'idi:
The people asked, "O Allah's Apostle! How shall we (ask Allah to) send blessings on you?" Allah's Apostle replied, "Say: O Allah! Send Your Mercy on Muhammad and on his wives and on his off spring, as You sent Your Mercy on Abraham's family; and send Your Blessings on Muhammad and on his offspring, as You sent Your Blessings on Abraham's family, for You are the Most Praise-worthy, the Most Glorious."

Sahih Bukhari Volume 6, Book 60, Number 321:
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
We said, "O Allah's Apostle! (We know) this greeting (to you) but how shall we invoke Allah for you?" He said, "Say! Allahumma salli ala Muhammadin 'Abdika wa rasulika kama- sallaita 'ala all Ibrahim wa barik ala Muhammadin wa'ala all Muhammadin kama barakta 'ala all Ibrahim.' Al-Laith said: 'Ala Muhammadin wa 'ala all Muhammadin kama barakta ala all Ibrahim.

Islam builds a good connection with father Abraham PBUH in the prayer (shalat) by calling Abraham name. There is a sunnah to read prayer (praise) Ibrahimiyah in the last tasyahud of shalat:

"Kama shallaita 'alaa sayyidinaa ibraahiima wa'alaa aali sayyidinaa ibraahiim wabaarik 'alaa sayyidinaa muhammad wa 'alaa aali sayyidinaa muhammad. Kamaa baarakta 'alaa sayyidinaa ibraahiima wa 'alaa aali sayyidinaa ibraahiim fil 'aala miina innaka hamiidum majiid"

The meaning is:

"In the same manner as ever Thou bestow blessing to Ibrahim and his family. And bestow blessing to Muhammad and his family, in the same manner Thou blessed Ibrahim and his family. In the whole universe Thou, Most Exalted, Most Glorious."

5. On the pilgrimage (hajj)

[Yusuf Ali] Remember We made the House a place of assembly for men and a place of safety; and take ye the station of Abraham as a place of prayer; and We covenanted with Abraham and Isma'il, that they should sanctify My House for those who compass it roun d, or use it as a retreat, or bow, or prostrate themselves (therein in prayer). (S. 002.125)

In fact, Muhammad kept and followed Abraham action as well:

Sunan Abu Dawud, Book 10, Number 1914:
Narrated Ibn Mirba' al-Ansari:
Yazid ibn Shayban said: We were in a place of stationing at Arafat which Amr (ibn Abdullah) thought was very far away from where the imam was stationing, when Ibn Mirba' al-Ansari came to us and told (us): I am a messenger for you from the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He tells you: Station where you are performing your devotions for you are an heir to the heritage of Abraham.

6. On Eid-ul Adha (sacrifice feast day)

[Yusuf Ali] Then, when (the son) reached (the age of) (serious) work with him, he said: "O my son! I see in vision that I offer thee in sacrifice: Now see what is thy view!" (The son) said: "O my father! Do as thou art commanded: thou will find me, if God so wills one practising Patience and Constancy!" (S. 037.102)

Constantly, Muhammad did and followed this Abraham action as well:

Sahih Bukhari Volume 1, Book 4, Number 140:
Narrated Kuraib:
Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet slept till he snored and then prayed (or probably lay till his breath sounds were heard and then got up and prayed)." Ibn 'Abbas added: "I stayed overnight in the house of my aunt, Maimuna, the Prophet slept for a part of the night, (See Fateh-al-Bari page 249, Vol. 1), and late in the night, he got up and performed ablution from a hanging water skin, a light (perfect) ablution and stood up for the prayer. I, too, performed a similar ablution, then I went and stood on his left. He drew me to his right and prayed as much as Allah wished, and again lay and slept till his breath sounds were heard. Later on the Mua'dhdhin (callmaker for the prayer) came to him and informed him that it was time for Prayer. The Prophet went with him for the prayer without performing a new ablution." (Sufyan said to 'Amr that some people said, "The eyes of Allah's Apostle sleep but his heart does not sleep." 'Amr replied, "I heard 'Ubaid bin 'Umar saying that the dreams of Prophets were Divine Inspiration, and then he recited the verse: 'I (Abraham) see in a dream, (O my son) that I offer you in sacrifice (to Allah)." (37.102) (See Hadith No. 183)

Sunan Abu Dawud, Book 15, Number 2789:
Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) sacrificed two horned rams which were white with black markings and had been castrated. When he made them face the qiblah, he said: I have turned my face towards Him. Who created the heavens and the earth, following Abraham's religion, the true in faith, and I am not one of the polytheists. My prayer, and my service of sacrifice, my life and my death are all for Allah, the Lord of the Universe, Who has no partner. That is what I was commanded to do, and I am one of the Muslims. O Allah it comes from Thee and is given to Thee from Muhammad and his people. In the name of Allah, and Allah is Most Great. He then made sacrifice.

7. On bowing down to Allah the Almighty

[Yusuf Ali] Remember We made the House a place of assembly for men and a place of safety; and take ye the station of Abraham as a place of prayer; and We covenanted with Abraham and Isma'il, that they should sanctify My House for those who compass it roun d, or use it as a retreat, or bow, or prostrate themselves (therein in prayer). (S. 002.125)

In this proof, Muhammad could carried on the tradition of Abraham as well

Sunan Abu Dawud Book 3, Number 0885:
Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: When one of you bows, he should say three time,:"Glory be to my mighty Lord," and when he prostrates, he should say: "Glory be to my most high Lord" three times. This is the minimum number.

Sunan Abu Dawud Book 3, Number 0873:
Narrated Hudhayfah:
Hudhayfah saw the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) praying at night. He said: Allah is most great" three times, "Possessor of kingdom, grandeur, greatness and majesty."
He then began (his prayer) and recited Surah al-Baqarah; then he bowed and he paused in bowing as long as he stood up; he said while bowing, "Glory be to my mighty Lord," "Glory be to my mighty Lord" ; then he raised his head, after bowing: then he stood up and he paused as long as he paused in bowing and said, "Praise be to my Lord" ; then he prostrated and paused in prostration as long as he paused in the standing position; he said while prostrating: "Glory be to my most high Lord"; then he raised his head after prostration, and sat as long as he prostrated, and said while sitting: "O my Lord forgive me." He offered four rak'ahs of prayer and recited in them Surah al-Baqarah, Aal Imran, an-Nisa, al-Ma'idah, or al-An'am. The narrator Shu'bah doubted.

Conclusion: Today, people know that all of the doctrine of Muhammad (Islam) and the doctrine of Abraham, both of them, at last, can be implemented, compromised, synchronised and followed by its believer as well.

The question is: Is Muhammad a true descendant of Abraham? You decide!

Then, let us have a look at some proofs of traditions of Abraham in his past life history compared to Jesus doctrine that recorded in the Bible:

1. On idol statue demolition

The similar action of Abraham PBUH and Mohammad PBUH also done by Moses (P) under GOD command:

And he said unto them, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Put every man his sword by his side, and go in and out from gate to gate throughout the camp, and slay every man his brother, and every man his companion, and every man his neighbor. And the children of Levi did according to the word of Moses: and there fell of the people that day about three thousand men. (Exodus 32:27-28)

And the LORD plagued the people, because they made the calf, which Aaron made. (Exodus 32:35)

Note: According to Islam, Al-Quran gives statement that calf statue was made by As-Samiri, instead of prophet Aaron PBUH.

On the other hand, Jesus never did the same action, at least to release idolatry system in his life. Jesus mostly taught people at synagogues and just said:

From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. (Matthew 4:17)

So in connection with Isaiah and Moses prophecy (i.e Deuteronomy 18:15), this point surely couldn't be addressed to Jesus himself,

And I will bring the blind by a way that they knew not; I will lead them in paths that they have not known: I will make darkness light before them, and crooked things straight. These things will I do unto them, and not forsake them.

They shall be turned back, they shall be greatly ashamed, that trust in graven images, that say to the molten images, Ye are our gods. (Isaiah 42:16-17)

Below is the translation to indonesian reader:

42:16 Aku mau memimpin orang-orang buta di jalan yang tidak mereka kenal, dan mau membawa mereka berjalan di jalan-jalan yang tidak mereka kenal. Aku mau membuat kegelapan yang di depan mereka menjadi terang dan tanah yang berkeluk-keluk menjadi tanah yang rata. Itulah hal-hal yang hendak Kulakukan kepada mereka, yang pasti akan Kulaksanakan.
42:17 Orang-orang yang percaya kepada patung pahatan akan berpaling ke belakang dan mendapat malu, yaitu orang-orang yang berkata kepada patung tuangan: "Kamulah allah kami!" (yesaya 42:15-17)

2. On building altar, in which Abraham can worship to God

(KJV) And the LORD appeared unto Abram, and said, Unto thy seed will I give this land: and there builded he an altar unto the LORD, who appeared unto him.

And he removed from thence unto a mountain on the east of Bethel, and pitched his tent, having Bethel on the west, and Hai on the east: and there he builded an altar unto the LORD, and called upon the name of the LORD. (Genesis 12:7)

Abraham and Isaac continued building several altars else in their life that shown in some other verses. But as far as i know, i never found a record in the Bible that Jesus ever built an altar in his life.

3. On the day of sacrifice of Abraham's son issue

(KJV) And they came to the place which God had told him of; and Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood. And Abraham stretched forth his hand, and took the knife to slay his son. And the angel of the LORD called unto him out of heaven, and said, Abraham, Abraham: and he said, Here am I.

And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son from me. And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind him a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son.

And Abraham called the name of that place Jehovahjireh: as it is said to this day, In the mount of the LORD it shall be seen. (Genesis 22:9-14)

Again, as far as i know, i never found a record in the Bible that Jesus ever celebrated event of the Abraham's son sacrifice.

4. On the prayer of Jesus

(KJV) After this manner therefore pray ye: Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven. (Mattew 9:10)

Look, Jesus didn't call Abraham name in his prayer.

5. On bowing down (or prostrating) to GOD

(KJV) And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be thou perfect. And I will make my covenant between me and thee, and will multiply thee exceedingly. And Abram fell on his face: and God talked with him, saying, (Genesis 17:3)

(KJV) And he went a little farther, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt. (Mattew 26:39)

In this incident, Jesus actually ever took a bow to God in his life. In this thesis, can be 'assumed' that Jesus followed the Abraham's tradition.

Next, let us take a look at what about St. Paul saying in the New Testament:

(KJV) That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed. For this is the word of promise, At this time will I come, and Sarah shall have a son. (Romans 9:7-8)

(KJV) I say then, Hath God cast away his people? God forbid. For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. (Romans 11:1)

And also Genesis 17:21 stated: But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time in the next year.

The important question is
: Did St. Paul and Jesus ever or factually synchronise and follow the Abraham's action toward their doctrine as seed of Abraham or Isaac? So far, i say no!

The fact is: Today, people know that christian believer don't bring any doctrine of Abraham to its worship tradition like: bowing to worship God, having a sacrifice feast day of Abraham's son, to call Abraham name in prayer, and to build a sanctuary .

According to romans 9:7-8, a question could be proposed: What values could be realised from romans 9:7-8 verses toward conviction of christian to point to Jesus as a true inheritor of Abraham?

Even, a contradiction occurs between romans 9:7-8 and john

(ASV) Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was born, I am (John 8:58)

What the hell is this? A blasphemy to father Abraham?
[note: word of God meaning (in Indonesia)] site brings a satire to Islam as an extremist doctrine, cruel religion, etc, but does they ever know the Jews doctrine that still valid, undertaken, and implemented by nation of Israel until now? Here is for example:

(KJV) When thou comest nigh unto a city to fight against it, then proclaim peace unto it. And it shall be, if it make thee answer of peace, and open unto thee, then it shall be, that all the people that is found therein shall be tributaries unto thee, and they shall serve thee. And if it will make no peace with thee, but will make war against thee, then thou shalt besiege it: And when the LORD thy God hath delivered it into thine hands, thou shalt smite every male thereof with the edge of the sword: But the women, and the little ones, and the cattle, and all that is in the city, even all the spoil thereof, shalt thou take unto thyself; and thou shalt eat the spoil of thine enemies, which the LORD thy God hath given thee. Thus shalt thou do unto all the cities which are very far off from thee, which are not of the cities of these nations. But of the cities of these people, which the LORD thy God doth give thee for an inheritance, thou shalt save alive nothing that breatheth: But thou shalt utterly destroy them. (Deuteronomy 20:10-17)

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